What is lead and why is it a problem?

Lead is a common metal found in air, soil, household dust, and water. It is also found in consumer products, some types of food, pottery, pewter and lead-based paint. If inhaled or swallowed, lead can build up in the body. If too much lead enters the body, it can damage the brain, nervous system, red blood cells, and kidneys. Children, infants, and pregnant women are at greater risk.

How does lead get into household water?

The most likely sources of lead in your household water are lead pipes, lead solder, or brass fixtures in your plumbing. Lead water services were installed in Saint Paul homes built before 1926 and in some homes built between 1942 and 1947. Usually, lead gets into your water after it leaves your local treatment plant.

View the lead and household water info found below as an interactive presentation 

Lead Free SPRWS

For information about the Lead Free SPRWS service line replacement program, visit our dedicated Lead Free SPRWS page.

What is SPRWS doing about lead?


To reduce leaching of lead from lead service lines or lead solder in the home, we treat our water to produce a small amount of scale on pipes by constantly monitoring and adjusting the pH and alkalinity levels. Our treatment processes are in strict compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act, Lead and Copper Rule, and Minnesota Department of Health regulations.

Specifically, the lead corrosion control treatment consists of:

  • Adding lime and sodium hydroxide to the water to increase the water’s pH levels so that the water is minimally corrosive to lead
  • Adding chlorine as a disinfectant for added protection
  • These two water chemistry adjustments work together to form a protective film covering surfaces containing lead which minimizes how much lead can enter the water
  • We then monitor the effectiveness of this strategy per regulations


We test our water for lead frequently. The testing we perform is required by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as part of the federal Safe Drinking Water program.

Investigating Complaints

We take all water quality complaints and issues seriously. If you are experiencing an issue, contact us at 651-266-6350.

We respond to customer complaints about water quality, such as colored water or taste and odor concerns. We will flush the system in problem areas and test the water if there are taste and odor or health complaints.


The following items have their own sections below. Click the links to be taken to more information about them.

Lead Service Line Replacements and Payment Plans

Free Lead Testing for Customers

What can I do to reduce lead in my water?

The best way to reduce lead is to remove lead water service lines and replace them with copper. See Lead Service Line Replacements and Payment Plans below for more information.

Other actions you can take:

  • Confirm whether you have a lead service by looking up your address in our service material map, calling SPRWS engineering at 651-266-6270, or performing a "scratch test" on the pipes leading to your water meter.
  • Have your water tested for lead for free by picking up and returning a collection bottle from our customer service staff at 1900 Rice Street.
  • If you have a lead service, take proactive steps to reduce your risk:
    • Don't drink or cook with water that has collected in your plumbing for more than six hours
    • Clear water lines by running cold water for 3-5 minutes
    • Run the water before you drink from any faucet in the house
    • Use cold water for cooking, drinking, making baby formula - hot water dissolves lead more quickly
    • Clean faucet aerators at least once per month
    • Treat your water using a pitcher or filtration system that is NSF certified for lead

Reducing your Exposure to Lead in Drinking Water Video

If you would like to know more about the testing and monitoring of our drinking water, please contact the SPRWS water quality lab at 651-266-1635

Lead Service Line Replacements and Payment Plans

We own and maintain the portion of the water service in the street right of way and we replace that portion of the service in conjunction with street maintenance projects. The property owner owns and is responsible for maintenance and replacement of the service within private property.

We are developing a 10 year plan to replace all lead water service lines in our service area (both the public and private side of the service) at no cost to property owners. The program will begin in full in 2023. During 2022 a small pilot of this program will be offered to those in water main construction project areas. For more information, visit our Lead Free SPRWS program page.

Diagram showing the portion of a water service considered private versus the portion owned by SPRWS


If you have a lead service and don't want to wait for the Lead Free SPRWS program to replace it, we offer an assessment program for Saint Paul residents that allows for the costs of such replacement work to be assessed and collected through property taxes. For information on this assessment program view our lead replacement packet (PDF - 1.39MB) or contact the SPRWS engineering division at 651-266-6270.

Free Lead Testing

Most lead services were installed in homes built prior to 1926. There were also a small percentage of homes built between 1942 and 1947 that have lead service lines. These homes are at higher risk of lead leaching from the pipes. We offer free lead testing for these customers and help them to interpret the results of their tests. Eliminating these lead service lines is the best long-term solution to the problem of lead in drinking water.

Lead testing kits are available for customers at the customer service desk at:

1900 Rice St
Saint Paul MN, 55113
Monday - Friday from 8:00 am - 4:30 pm

For more information contact customer service at 651-266-6350.

If you live outside our service area, you can have your household water tested by a private laboratory. Contact the Minnesota Department of Health for a list of certified laboratories.

Other Resources

For more information on lead in drinking water, lead service lines and what you can do to reduce your exposure to lead in drinking water, please see these additional resources:

Minnesota Public Facilities Authority Funding Award Notice

Recipient:                     Saint Paul Regional Water Services

Project:                         Ph 2 private lead line replacement

Award Date:                June 24, 2022

PFA Award Total:        $250,000

Description:     The Project consists of replacing privately-owned lead service lines in the 2022 project areas in Saint Paul and West Saint Paul.

Project Funding:


Funding Source

PFA Funding ID



Drinking Water SRF-Principal Forgiveness Grant







Total Project Costs:




More about the Minnesota Public Facilities Authority and its Programs:

The Minnesota Public Facilities Authority (PFA) provides financing and technical assistance to help communities build public infrastructure that protects public health and the environment and promotes economic growth.

Drinking Water Revolving Fund (also known as the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund or DWSRF) :

The DWSRF is supported by federal capitalization grants from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and state matching funds. These funds, together with PFA revenue bond proceeds, are used to make low interest loans to cities throughout the state for drinking water infrastructure projects. Loan repayments revolve back to make new loans, providing a permanent source of low-interest capital to help cities finance drinking water infrastructure projects. Since its start in 1999, Minnesota's DWSRF has awarded more than 433 loans for over $982 million, providing over $188 million in interest savings to local governments and their taxpayers. A portion of federal DWSRF funds are provided as principal forgiveness grants based on established affordability criteria.

Last Edited: August 1, 2022